CMHC releases its 2014 annual report
May 7, 2015 — Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) today released its 2014 Annual Report.
“I’m very proud of what we accomplished in 2014,” said Evan Siddall, president and CEO. “Beginning with a new mission, to help Canadians meet their housing needs, we took steps in all our areas of business to ensure our operations are aligned with CMHC’s refocused approach, and to be a high-performing organization to provide the most value to Canadians.”
In keeping with the corporation’s focus on housing needs and in support of the government’s efforts to reduce taxpayer exposure to the housing sector, CMHC made important changes to its mortgage loan insurance and securitization business. This included premium and fee adjustments, changes to policies for low-ratio insurance, and the discontinuation of some products, including mortgage loan insurance for second homes and for the construction of multi-unit condominiums.
In 2014, CMHC’s total net income of $2.6 billion was provided for primarily by mortgage loan insurance and securitization activities. Total insurance-in-force, which represents the aggregate exposure of the mortgage loan insurance activity, stood at $543 billion as at December 31, 2014, down $14 billion from the beginning of the year. Over the past decade, CMHC has provided $21 billion toward improving the government’s fiscal position; $18 billion of this contribution was provided through the mortgage loan insurance activity.
CMHC’s strong underwriting practices and sound mortgage loan insurance portfolio are reflected in the 2014 results. Average credit scores at origination were 731 for transactional homeowner and 760 for portfolio, and the average borrower equity in CMHC’s insurance portfolio has remained stable at 46 per cent. Other key figures show mortgage loan insurance claims paid during the year decreased by four per cent from 2013 while the arrears rate remained relatively unchanged at 0.35 per cent.
CMHC follows risk management practices as set out by the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions.
In 2014, CMHC provided $117.6 billion in guarantees through its securitization programs. These guarantees help both small and large lenders access funds for residential mortgage lending, supporting competition in the mortgage market and contributing to the stability of the financial system. In 2014, CMHC also announced increases to its guarantee fees. This is an important step toward further reducing taxpayer exposure to the housing sector and encouraging the development of private market funding options.
The federal government, through CMHC, also provided investments of more than $2 billion for housing in 2014, including funding to support households living in existing social housing on and off reserve, and approximately $302 million in new commitments of affordable housing.
Throughout the year, CMHC worked with provinces and territories to extend bilateral Investment in Affordable Housing agreements to 2019, which included additional funding for Nunavut. From April 2011 to the end of December 2014, 217,772 households are no longer in housing need as a result of this funding.
CMHC provides objective housing research and advice to Canadian governments, consumers and the housing industry. In 2014, it continued to improve the availability of information on the housing market through reports such as CMHC’s Insurance Business Supplement and tools like the Housing Market Information Portal and the House Price Analysis and Assessment Framework.
CMHC’s 2014 Annual Report is available online at www.cmhc.ca/annualreport or by calling 1-800-668-2642.