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U.S. lumber consumption rising

Oct. 21, 2013, Seattle - North American lumber production was up 6.7 per cent during the first seven months of 2013 as compared to the same period in 2012, with all regions on the continent showing higher production this year, according to the latest WWPA data. The biggest increases occurred in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Alberta, and in the Northwestern states of the U.S. Lumber production levels in the U.S. and Canada have gradually gone up since 2009, and lumber shipments are currently back up to the same levels as in 2008, just after the beginning of the global financial crises. There has been more than a 35 per cent increase in production the past four years, with the biggest gains on the U.S. west coast.

After the sharp increase in lumber prices in 2012 and early 2013, prices for the common species; Douglas-fir (U.S. West coast), South pine (U.S. South) and spruce-pine-fir (Canada) fell approximately 25 per cent from March, which was a eight year peak to June because of weaker demand and healthy supply during most of the spring and summer months. During the summer and early fall, lumber prices have recovered somewhat, but are still substantially below the levels reached in the 1Q/13.

Despite falling lumber prices during the second quarter, the improved housing market in the U.S. attracted more interest from a number of countries overseas. The importation of softwood lumber over the first seven months this year has been the highest since 2008, which was just after the collapse in housing market.

Canada is still, by far, the largest lumber supplier to the U.S. with a market share of over 96 per cent by volume and 92 by value of total imports. However, overseas lumber suppliers in Chile, Sweden, Brazil and Germany have all increased shipments to the U.S. in 2013. Importation in the 2Q/13 was up 13 per cent, from the 1Q/13 and as much as 24 per cent higher than in the 2Q/12. For the first half of 2013, the largest increases year-over-year have been in shipments from Sweden (+250 per cent), Germany (+63 per cent) and Chile (+48 per cent). With continued weak demand for lumber in Europe, the Middle East and Northern Africa, it is likely that lumber shipments from European sawmills to the U.S. will continue to increase in the 4Q and into 2014.

Global pulpwood and timber market reporting is included in the 52-­page quarterly publication Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ). The report, established in 1988 and with subscribers in over 30 countries, tracks sawlog, pulpwood, lumber and pellet prices, trade and market developments in most key regions around the world. To subscribe to the WRQ, please see www.woodprices.com.

October 21, 2013  By the Wood Resource Quarterly

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