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Klahoose celebrates forestry deal allowing community to manage logging on its own lands

December 19, 2023  By Spencer Sacht-Lund, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter

Onlookers gaze out at the territory of the Klahoose First Nation. Photo: Klahoose First Nation Gallery.

Like many others from Klahoose First Nation, Steven Brown grew up in a forestry family.

“My dad was a logger for over 40 years and grew up in Squirrel Cove where our community is,” he said.

Now, as chief of his community — based on the remote “Cortes Island” — Brown was part of a recent landmark deal between Klahoose and the forestry company Interfor.

The nation has purchased a total tenure — or resource rights — of 181,037 cubic meters of annual cut forest lands along their traditional territory on the B.C. Sunshine Coast.


“I mean 180,000 cubic meters is quite large. It does require the province to sign off on it and thankfully they did,” he said.

“And we just felt that it made more sense to reinvest the profits that we’ve generated from forestry to make the purchase ourselves. That took away all strings attached and put us in control.”

Adding to their existing 115,000 cubic meters, this deal will place them as the largest tenure holder within their traditional territory.

Klahoose has 75 full-time residents within their primary village site — located in Squirrel Cove — and 309 off-reserve in coastal communities within the Lower Mainland and “Washington State.”

From Cortes Island to Toba Inlet, the Klahoose First Nation has occupied these lands since waters ran and the grasses were green. Photo: Klahoose First Nation Gallery.

For Brown, who studied Environmental Science at the University of Victoria, striking a balance between sustainability and economic opportunity is important.

“We see a bright future for forestry, and it is time for us to manage the resources in our territory so the benefits come to our members,” he said.

“By purchasing the tenure licenses to these lands from Interfor, we will create jobs and revenue for our members but also help ensure that B.C.’s forest sector thrives into the future rather than being a sunset industry.”

The government of “British Columbia” authorizes the harvesting of Crown timber through tenures. Approximately 95 per cent of the province’s timber is publicly owned. This means that although the nation now has harvesting rights, they do not own the land.

However, these rights confer the ability to dictate how Klahoose will manage these resources. Now, the First Nation can set some of its own criteria for managing the forests.

Managing logging activities and riparian zones is paramount. These zones help protect water quality by regulating the flow of water and nutrients between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Logging near these fish-bearing streams can increase water temperatures, according to a study by SFU.

“If we want to increase the distance of harvest from the fish-bearing streams or [improve] old growth management, we dictate that on all of our tenure, and it means that contractors we hire to do the work have to follow those standards,” Brown said.

“The beautiful thing about having a larger tenure is you can do better long-term planning.”

Klahoose First Nation Chief Steven Brown. Photo: Klahoose First Nation.

The deal will lead to further employment opportunities, with jobs for members being a priority for chief and council, said Brown. The nation already offers internships and apprenticeships, but this deal could also positively affect downstream employers such as the local mill.

“We’ve already been investing more in it because we know we have a reliable timber supply. And so more equipment requires more people to run it. And so we plan to continue increasing our staffing at that mill, hopefully, doubling it over the next two years,” said Brown.

“First Nations forestry is successful forestry. We want to promote a healthier, sustainable forestry economy that everyone in the region benefits from.”

In recent years in particular, logging on “Vancouver Island” has been controversial, with various communities seeing opposition against logging that threatens remaining old-growth. However, Klahoose leadership is optimistic there won’t be issues on their territory. “We can also plan for old growth management to ensure it’s done sustainably and that we’re promoting an increase in old growth in the territory,” Brown said.

A localized approach to resource extraction is an attractive prospect for not just residents, but also the corporate entities they deal with as many companies wonder how to approach “reconciliation” in the 21st century.

“We have valued our long-term relationship with the Klahoose First Nation and are delighted to reach this milestone agreement,” shared Interfor vice-president of coastal operations, Ralph Friedrich, in a statement.

Spencer Sacht-Lund is a Local Journalism Initiative reporter for IndigiNews.

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